A fixed exchange-rate system is a currency system in which governments try to keep the value of their currencies constant against one another.In a fixed exchange-rate system, a country’s government decides the worth of its currency in terms of either a fixed weight of gold, a fixed amount of another currency or a basket of other currencies. The central bank of a country remains committed at all times to buy and sell its currency at a fixed price. The central bank provides foreign currency needed to finance paymThe gold standard or gold exchange standard of fixed exchange rates prevailed, before which many countries followed bimetallism.The system was a monetary order intended to govern currency relations among sovereign states, with the 44 member countries required to establish a parity of their national currencies in terms of the U.S. dollar and to maintain exchange rates within 1% of parityby intervening in their foreign exchange markets.The U.S. dollar was the only currency strong enough to meet the rising demands for international currency transactions, and so United States agreed both to link the dollar to gold at the rate of $35 per ounce of gold and to convert dollars into gold at that price.The period between the two world wars was transitory, with the Bretton Woods system emerging as the new fixed exchange rate regime in the aftermath of World War II. It was formed with an intent to rebuild war-ravaged nations after World War II through a series of currency stabilization programs and infrastructure loans. The early 1970s witnessed the breakdown of the system and its replacement by a mixture of fluctuating and fixed exchange rates